Bible Search 
With Hebrew/Greek Word Links

Q 3: Does it matter if the name "New Testament" is changed to "Greek Scriptures"

Having been indoctrinated into Warchtower doctrine from childhood, certain impressions and themes stand out. Perhaps the biggest impression made to me was that the bible was a "book of government". I was taught that the highest purpose in the universe was the vindication of Jehovah's name. I was taught that Jehovah has been sort of campaigning for the past 6000 years to try and prove how superior his government is to all others.

However Jesus did not teach that the greatest commandment was to uphold Jehovah's Sovereignty. Jesus taught that the greatest purpose in the universe was to love God unreservedly and without competition :  

"Which is the first commandment of all? And Jesus answered him, 'The first of all the commandments is, Hear, O Israel; The Lord our God is one Lord: And thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind, and with all thy strength: this is the first commandment'". - Mk. 12: 28-31

Rather than documenting political government structures, the bible documents man's record of how he has loved God, from Adam and Eve to the Last Adam. It also records how God has under certain legal circumstances, loved his enemies. The biblical record displays man's inability to love God because of his depravity, pride, vanity, and Sin; (Ephesians 2:1-3 ) even in the midst of mighty and powerful displays of God's mercy and deliverance at times. The truth of the matter is that Jehovah's Sovereignty is a non-issue, a subterfuge. Who could sanely argue that the Creator doesn't deserve to be King and loved as such? The reality is that man can't help but to sin, is destined to be personally judged after he dies to determine if he has broken any laws or not (Hebrews 9: 27), and is God's enemy from birth (Psalm 51:5; Psalm 58:3). This is the problem that the bible addresses, not Jehovah's sovereignty.  

Out of love, and not due to any obligation of any sort, God created two documents, separated by centuries, with the former teaching us about the superiority of the latter (Hebrews 10: 1). These documents are in fact contracts that make provision for the substitution of the death penalty for sin, to be administered to another instead of to the guilty person. The Old Contract was mediated by Moses and allowed for sins to be placed onto sinless animals and for them to be slaughtered in place of the guilty human, in vicarious punishment. (Leviticus 16:21; Numbers 8:12) This forshadowed a New Contract where God himself, shedding his own blood (Acts 20:28) stood in man's place of judgment, and in spite of his awesomeness, purity, and goodness, became sin himself and extinguished the Personality of The Eternal Son in the bodily life of Jesus of Nazareth ... the materialized eternal Son of the Living God. (1 Tim. 3: 16).

The word "covenant" in the Old Testament means  a "compact" or the state of being in "league" with God, or collusion. The words "covenant" and "testament" in the New Testament are from the same Greek word, are interchangeable, and mean essentially a contract, specifically a blood contract, unto the death of both parties. But a contract for what?

The Watchtower has gone to great lenghts to try and paint the picture that the Covenant that Jesus inaugerated on the night before his death, was for the purpose of establishing a government, and that it was ONLY for this purpose.

The Watchtower opines:   

Hence, the ransom sacrifice is fundamental to the new covenant, of which Jesus is the Mediator. Paul wrote: "There is one God, and one mediator between God and men, a man, Christ Jesus, who gave himself a corresponding ransom for all-this is what is to be witnessed to at its own particular times." (1 Timothy 2:5, 6) Those words especially apply to the 144,000, with whom the new covenant is made… Nevertheless, in a preliminary way, the great crowd have already "washed their robes and made them white in the blood of the Lamb." (Revelation 7:14) Christ does not act as a mediator of the new covenant toward them, yet they benefit from this covenant through the work of God's Kingdom. (The Watchtower 1991 February 15 pp.15-20 "You Were Bought With a Price", emphasis added)

Another Watchtower article likewise teaches:

Is Jesus the "mediator" only for anointed Christians? The term "mediator" occurs just six times in the Christian Greek Scriptures and Scripturally is always used regarding a formal covenant. Moses was the "mediator" of the Law covenant made between God and the nation of Israel. (Gal. 3:19, 20) Christ, though, is the "mediator of a new covenant" between Jehovah and spiritual Israel, the "Israel of God" that will serve as kings and priests in heaven with Jesus. (Heb. 8:6; 9:15; 12:24; Gal. 6:16) At a time when God was selecting those to be taken into that new covenant, the apostle Paul wrote that Christ was the "one mediator between God and men." (1 Tim. 2:5) Reasonably Paul was here using the word "mediator" in the same way he did the other five times, which occurred before the writing of 1 Timothy 2:5, referring to those then being taken into the new covenant for which Christ is "mediator." So in this strict Biblical sense Jesus is the "mediator" only for anointed Christians [i.e. the 144,000]. (The Watchtower 1979 April 1 p.31 Questions from Readers, emphasis added)

Contrary to what the Watchtower feels is "reasonable", Jesus specifically states that the New Testament (Covenant) that he mediated between man and God, is "for the remission of sins" . 

And he took the cup, and gave thanks, and gave it to them, saying, Drink ye all of it; For this is my blood of the new testament, which is shed for many for the remission of sins. - Matthew 26: 27-28

...Just as the Old Testament (Covenant) was for the same: 

For if the blood of bulls and of goats, and the ashes of an heifer sprinkling the unclean, sanctifieth to the purifying of the flesh: How much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living GodAnd for this cause he is the mediator of the new testament.- Hebrews 9: 13-15a

The Watchtower would like for people to think that the New Testament isn't for them because they wrongly suppose that the New Testament (Covenant) is for a Kingdom government instead of for "this cause" of purifying the flesh and the forgiveness of sins.  

The Watchtower teaching that, Christ as Mediator isn't for them, simply breaks the heart of every born again Christian that knows the love of God. For without that personal Mediator between them and God, there is only justice to face; they are lost. THERE IS NO SALVATION OUTSIDE OF THE NEW COVENANT.

To try and erase two thousand years of Christian hope and understanding, the Watchtower has changed the common name of the major divisions of the bible from the Old Testament to "Hebrew Scriptures"; and from New Testament to "Greek Scriptures". The elimination of the word "testament" (literally - contract) from the description of the Jehovah's Witness bible is appropriate because they en masse reject the New Testament (contract) on the night of each Memorial. This can only be interpreted as a diabolical attempt to conceal the gospel message of how to make peace and friends with God, on his terms.